Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2021 Jun 7. doi: 10.1097/MEG.0000000000002229. Online ahead of print.
OBJECTIVES: Real-world data about sustained clinical remission (SCR) and treatment optimization with vedolizumab for ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD) are scarce. We aimed to investigate the short and long-term effectiveness and safety of vedolizumab in a real-world cohort in Denmark.
METHODS: A retrospective two-center cohort study was conducted between November 2014 and November 2019 with the primary outcomes of clinical remission (CR) at weeks 14, 30, 52 and 104 and SCR defined as CR at week 14 through week 52.
RESULTS: The study included 182 patients (UC: 97, CD: 85), all previously exposed to at least one biological therapy. Rates of CR at weeks 14, 30, 52 and 104 were 36.6, 35.1, 34.0 and 27.8%, respectively, in UC, and 31.7, 30.1, 26.5 and 22.4% in CD. SCR was achieved in 19.6 and 20.0%, respectively. In UC and CD, optional dosing of vedolizumab at week 10 (odds ratio [OR] = 0.23 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.03-1.17), and OR = 0.68 (95% CI, 0.22-2.04)), as well as increase of frequency (OR = .26 (95% CI, 0.01-2.86), and OR = 0.19 (95% CI, 0.01-1.45)), were not associated with CR at week 52. Furthermore, combination treatment with azathioprine was not associated with long-term outcomes. However, dose intensification of vedolizumab successfully restored CR in 65.2 and 57.1% of patients with UC and CD experiencing loss of response.
CONCLUSIONS: Vedolizumab is effective in achieving and restoring short and long-term CR and SCR in patients with treatment-refractory UC and CD. This study emphasizes that supplementary dosing at week 10, and simultaneous treatment with azathioprine, did not improve long-term outcomes.
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